Mapping one of the largest eruptions in Iceland’s history
On 29 August 2014, a small fissure eruption started in the Holuhraun lava field, just north of Vatnajökull ice cap in the central highlands of Iceland. That small eruption lasted only for few hours, but was the first sign that one of the largest lava eruptions in Iceland’s history was underway. About two days later, a larger lava eruption started in a fissure in Holuhraun that lasted until 28 February 2015, producing 85 km² of lava with an average thickness of 16m.
Only two weeks after the eruption ended, the Svarmi team traveled to Holuhraun with earth scientists from University of Iceland to map and measure the extent, shape and volume of the lava. Of particular interest to the scientists were the craters created by the lava flow.